A recent Pew Research poll showed that 72% of Americans believe in a literal heaven, 58% in a literal hell. Most people who hold these beliefs are Christian and assume they are the age-old teachings from the Bible. But eternal rewards and punishments are found nowhere in the Old Testament and are not what Jesus or his disciples taught. In this episode, Dr. Bart D. Erhman unfolds the history of post-mortality, drawing from his latest book, Heaven and Hell: A History of the Afterlife. This episode comes from the 2020 Sunstone Summer Symposium.